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Transnational.Dynamics@Development.Net
Internet, Modernization and Globalization

by Paula Uimonen, 2001

Stockholm Studies in Social Anthropology, No. 49.

ISBN 91-7265-347-7

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements.................................................................................... i
   
1. Introduction.......................................................................................... 1
Virtual or Real? A Conceptual Dilemma.............................................................. 2
Multi-Sited and Translocal Networking.............................................................. 12
Coming of Age in Cyberspace.......................................................................... 20
Outline of Narrative...................................................................................... 27
   
2. A Social History of the Internet............................................................... 30
The Origin Myth of the Internet...................................................................... 31
The Making of the Culture of Networking........................................................... 36
Early Settlements on the Electronic Frontier....................................................... 41
From Hyperbole to Dystopia: The Gold Rush in Cyberspace................................... 44
Guardians of the Digital Frontier: The Internet Community.................................... 47
   
3. Pioneering the Internet in the Developing World ....................................... 50
What's in a Background? Profiles of Internet Pioneers.......................................... 53
Networked Brokering: The Social Nodes of the Internet ....................................... 60
The Internet Society in Action ....................................................................... 64
Transnational Cosmopolitanism: Navigating the Netscapes of Global Cultural Flow...... 74
In Pursuit of a Networked Utopia...................................................................... 81
   
4. From Rhetoric to Resistance: Internet and Policymaking ............................ 86
Paradigm Shifts in Policymaking: The Global Information Society Discourse .............. 87
From Center to Periphery: The Informational Paradigm and Development ................. 94
Subcultural Nodes: Internet Pioneers in Policymaking Contexts ............................. 99
From Discourse to Practice: Top-Down Versus Bottom-Up.................................... 107
Networks of Flow Versus Bounded Structures: A Modern Dilemma .......................... 114
   
5. Internet in Southeast Asia: A Regional Perspective ................................... 118
National and Regional Imaginaries in Southeast Asia............................................. 119
Global Connections: Pioneering the Internet in Southeast Asia............................... 125
Networking and Nation Building........................................................................ 129
Transnational Interactions: Internet and Tourism................................................ 135
Integration and Disintegration: Changing Conditions of Nation Building .................... 141
   
6. At the Vanguard of the Digital Future--Malaysia........................................ 146
Digital Opportunities: Vision 2020.................................................................... 147
Personalized Politics: Dr M., CEO of Malaysia Inc. ............................................... 155
Global Ripples and Local Waves ....................................................................... 162
The On-Line Challenge to Mahathirism .............................................................. 165
Contested Visions: A Digital Dilemma................................................................. 170
   
7. The Peripheries of Cyberspace--Laos....................................................... 178
Continuity and Disruption: The Building of the Lao Nation..................................... 179
The Power of Culture and Culture of Power ....................................................... 183
Meeting Global Demands: Internet Development in Laos ....................................... 190
Borderless Flow: The Internet Dilemma.............................................................. 197
Trade, Tourists and Television: The Growing Pains of Transition............................. 201
   
8. Concluding Reflections:
Internet Development, Modernization and Globalization ................................
210
The Culture of Networking and Transformative Mobility........................................ 211
Re-Imagined Communities in a Networked World Order ......................................... 214
Hype or Hope? The Cultural Management of Utopia.............................................. 220
   
References................................................................................................. 223
   
Index......................................................................................................... 241